Reference Books

  • Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, Eleventh Edition
  • The American Heritage College Dictionary, Fourth Edition
  • New Oxford American Dictionary, Third Edition
  • Random House Webster's College Dictionary, 2005 Updated Edition
Merriam-Webster's is my preferred dictionary. If you prefer spellings to conform to a specific dictionary, please let me know.
Style and Usage Guides
  • The Chicago Manual of Style, Sixteenth Edition
  • Words into Type, Third Edition
  • The Elements of Style, Fourth Edition
  • Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of English Usage
  • Garner's Modern American Usage, Third Edition
  • Modern English Usage, Second Edition
  • Fowler's Modern English Usage, Revised Third Edition
  • Modern American Usage, Original and Revised Editions
  • The Careful Writer: A Modern Guide to English Usage
  • The Handbook of Good English
The Chicago Manual of Style is my benchmark for style. Usage guides are consulted as needed. If you prefer a specific style, please let me know.
  • Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Thesaurus, Second Edition
  • Roget's International Thesaurus, Seventh Edition
  • The American Heritage College Thesaurus, First Edition
  • The Synonym Finder by J.I. Rodale
Merriam-Webster's is given precedence. Other references are consulted as needed for synonyms/antonyms.
Miscellaneous References
  • Webster’s International Atlas
  • The American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms
  • The American Heritage Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs
  • The American Heritage Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition